Complete Guide to Medical Degree (MBBS) in Malaysia
The Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (better known as MBBS) is an undergraduate degree awarded by medical schools that follow the UK standard of education. It is a gruelling 5 year course that teaches how to diagnose, treat and prevent diseases. It takes 8 to 9 years to become a fully qualified doctor. The MBBS program is a highly competitve program that demands excellence in Biology and Chemistry.
Students will acquire medical knowledge as well as hands-on experience in dealing with patients and gain clinical exposure. This prepares
Fields of Medicine
Medicine is multidisciplinary and covers a wide range of fields. Students must know all the fields, but will be allowed to later specialise in one particular field. The following is an inexhaustive list of exampless:
||Total care of the patient before, during and after surgery. This involves the patient’s pain management, resuscitation and intensive care.
||Deals with disorders and abnormalities of the heart and circulatory system.
||Cares for patients with illnesses or injuries that required immediate medical attention to prevent death or permanent disabilities.
||Deals with disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord and nerves.
|Obstetrics & Gynecology
||Cares for the health of the female reproductive organs and the management of pregnancy.
||Correction of impairments of the skeletal system which includes the spinal structures, muscles and ligaments.
||The causes and effects of diseases including laboratory examination, diagnosis and forensic.
||The medical care of infants, children and adolescents.
||Deals with the disorders of the mind, emotion and behavior.
||The use of instrumental techniques to investigate and treat diseases and injuries, and repair bodily functions from damage.
How is MBBS structured in Malaysia?
How long is the duration of this course?
MBBS in Malaysia usually takes 5 to 6 years of undergraduate studies plus a 2 year housemanship.
The MBBS is divided into two phases: Pre-Clinical and Clinical Training. The Pre-Clinical phase is the first 2.5 years and can done overseas as part of a twinning program in Ireland, UK, Australia, Indonesia, and India. The Clinical Training takes 2.5 years and must be done in Malaysia at an accredited institute. Upon graduation, students are awarded the Dr. title.
The mandatory 2 years housemanship must be at a Ministry of Health (MOH) and MMC (Malaysian Medical Council) approved hospital. Thus the total years to become a fully practicing doctor is 8 years. Any doctor wishing to become specialists will then have to further study and research for another 1 to 4 years.
What will you study in MBBS in Malaysia?
Pre-Clinical – Academic years when medical students are taught about the fundamentals of medical sciences, theories and basic clinical skills.
- Microbiology & Genetics
- Hematology & Immunology
- Ethics & Behavior
Clinical Training – Students are put through clinical rotations where they will be trained in various departments in selected hospitals by the Ministry of Health (MOH). They will experience all clinical disciplines required to become a medical doctor (see Fields of Medicine). This phase will prepare students for their 2-year housemanship at selected hospitals. It will also give them insights on the different fields of specialization for them to choose later in their career.
Why should you study MBBS in Malaysia?
- Becoming a medical doctor: You have a strong desire to save people and cure diseases. Currently, Malaysia has a doctor to population ratio of 1:633. The country’s target is to achieve a ratio of 1:400 by the year 2020. The most popular misconception about studying MBBS in Malaysia is that there are too many doctors and not enough hospital placements or job opportunities. Contrary to this belief, there are many rural clinics and districts hospitals that still lack the manpower and expertise of medical doctors. The people in these small districts and rural areas still need specialized care that can only be accessed in the city. More doctors with strong dedication, passion and tenacity are needed to take up the challenge of providing healthcare to those who are out of reach.
- Career in medical research: Another prospect of studying medicine is to be a medical researcher. Most universities that offer MBBS in Malaysia also conducts research in medical sciences. This is a great opportunity for those interested in a career in research. The Malaysian Government is also initiating more joint-researches in medicine with other countries such as the UK by pooling together millions of Ringgit worth of grants for research.
The MBBS is ideal for you if...
- You have a strong background in Biology and Chemistry
- You are fascinated by the human body, how it functions, what makes it sick and how to cure it.
- You have strong determination, discipline and willpower to study for a large part of your life
Career options with MBBS in Malaysia
Typically, a medical degree prepares you to be a medical doctor. However, you may also be interested in alternative jobs after finishing MBBS in Malaysia. These medical-related careers include:
- Medical Officer (doctor serving in military or prison)
- Healthcare Administrator
- Pharmaceutical / Medical Researcher
- Forensic Pathologist
- Clinical Ethicist
- Medical Journalist
- Medical Educator
Entry requirements for MBBS
A Level: BBB / AAC / ABC including Biology and Chemistry
SPM / O Level: 5 Bs (including Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Mathematics, and one other subject, preferably English)