Complete Guide to Diploma in Nursing in Malaysia
Nursing is a healthcare profession that focuses on the care of individuals, families and communities in order to recover, maintain and improve their health and quality of life through personal and systematic care. Nurses are different from other healthcare professionals because they approach the patient within a medical doctor’s scope of duty, instructions and prescription.
However, some nurses do have the authority to practice healthcare independently depending on their qualification and training. They are responsible to develop a plan of care for the patients by working collaboratively with physicians, therapists, medical doctors and other member of the nursing team.
A diploma in nursing in Malaysia puts emphasis on the medical knowledge as well as hand-on training. This provides the students with a smooth transition from academic to a career in the healthcare industry. Nurses work in a wide range of practice areas with different duty and job scope in each practice. Students will be able to choose a field to specialize in near the end of their nursing course.
Fields of Nursing
|Acute Care Nursing
||Provides nursing care for general patients for short period of time after surgery or chronic illness treatment. This is considered as the most common type of nursing which also means higher vacancies in this area.
||Cares for adult patients who are suffering from various health conditions such as injuries, ailments and diseases. Adult nurses also provide plans for special patient cases such as losing weight and quitting smoking.
||Clinical nurse specialist who works in hospitals to care for patients recovering from cardiac disorder procedures such as bypass, angioplasty and pacemakers surgeries.
|Family Nurse Practitioner
||Specialty nurses who work with patients throughout their lives from childhood to adulthood by diagnosing their illnesses, conduction medical examinations and prescribing medicines.
||Provides special care for patients who are victims of trauma or crime such as sexual assault, domestic violence, neglect and other intentional injuries. Forensic nurses are also responsible to collect evidence and they are able to testify in a court of law.
||Specialty nursing care for the elderly to support healthy aging lifestyle and improve the quality of life.
|Home Health Nursing
||Specialty nursing care that work within patients’ homes. They often work with the elderly but the job scope also ranges from children to adults who have developmental or mobility issues. A great field for those who would rather work outside of a hospital setting.
|Infectious Diseases Nursing
||Concerns with the control and prevention of infectious diseases from spreading within hospitals such as during the outbreak of flu. Nurses specialized in infectious diseases require further training and qualification.
|Legal Nurse Consulting
||Acts as the medical expert during legal cases. These nurses concerns with helping the lawyers and legal professionals interpret data, records, charts, medical terms and healthcare related topics in other to move forward with the case.
||Provides care for newborn infants who are born with complications such as prematurity, birth defects, infections, malformations and surgical problems. Neonatal refers to the first month after birth but neonatal nurses might have to care for an infant patient for months to years onwards.
|Occupational Health Nursing
||Specialty nursing care for the health of employees at a workplace. Nurses also work with the employers to plan and develop a safe working environment, policies and procedures concerning with the employees’ wellbeing. A great field of nursing for people who do not want to work in a hospital setting and prefer a consultation job.
How is a Nursing in Diploma structured?
How long is a Nursing Diploma?
A diploma in nursing in Malaysia usually takes 3 years to be completed including training and internship semesters.
What will you study in a Nursing Diploma?
While studying in a diploma in nursing in Malaysia, you will be taught the basic knowledge in medicinal, surgical and mental health care. You will also be exposed to the work environment of nurses with hands-on training. This is done to give you a proper and smooth transition to work in the healthcare industry once you graduated. Below are some of the subjects you will study:
- Anatomy & Physiology
- Health Science
- Communication and PR
- Medical and Surgical Nursing
- Infectious Diseases
- Clinical Practice
- Mental Health Care
Why should you study a Diploma in Nursing in Malaysia?
- Job security: The healthcare industry is booming in Malaysia as people are being more health-conscious and care more about their health. Government hospitals are expanding and more private hospitals are being established. Medical advances due to technologies have kept the mortality rate low. Nurses are always in demand and if you’re passionate about the job, there are plenty of different careers to choose from (see Fields of Nursing). Adding to the job security, nurses will still be in duty even during recession or economic downturn. This is because hospitals are always functioning and health care investments are there because people always care about their health, guaranteeing a job security.
- Career mobility: As a registered nurse or nurse practitioner, you will be able to work in a wide range of careers. You can care for the elderly or be at the frontline of trauma care. Work for the government or private sector. You can work in a hospital or community setting. A holder of the diploma in nursing in Malaysia who has enough experience can even opt for a teaching post at colleges and universities or work in children education.
- Career growth: As more hospitals are being built and expanded and the number of patients increasing nowadays, more nurses are needed in hospitals and clinics. Most nurses can rise up the rank and gain supervising position within 2 to 3 years depending on their experience and qualification.
Is a Nursing Diploma your ideal choice?
This diploma is definitely for you if…
- You want to make a difference in people’s lives. Nursing is a very noble profession because your main goal is to aid someone who are sick, injured or in need. You will meet countless different people every day, each relying on you to make their life better. If you are passionate about helping others, then this path will be a very rewarding one for you.
- You want a wide range of job options. Being a registered nurse means that you have the skills needed in several fields, giving you a very diverse job option from healthcare to education and even law and forensics.
- You are very caring of others. It is not enough just to have the knowledge in medicine and skills in healthcare, you are also someone who cares about others. You can relate to other people’s pain and help them get through it. Know what to say to someone who is grieving. Comfort a person who just had a traumatic experience.
This diploma might be for you if…
- You want a secure career. By being a registered nurse, your skills are in demand in almost any hospital or clinic. You can work anywhere across the nation or even take your skills abroad with the right qualification. With the increase in people’s health-consciousness, hospitals are busy now more than ever. Those with a diploma in nursing in Malaysia can find their place in almost any healthcare establishment.
- You want to keep learning. A day in life of a nurse is exciting and challenging. Facing new health cases every day, a nurse is required to keep up with the knowledge of medicine, healthcare and diseases. This means learning new things every day in order to help others.
This diploma might not be for you if…
- You dislike being around people. A career in nursing requires you to meet people face-to-face, solve their health-related problems and ensure that they are comfortable and healthy. If you prefer a job that requires less human interaction, this path may not be for you.
- You want to practice medicine. A nurse has knowledge in medicine, surgical procedure and healthcare as a whole. However, they do not undergo the same training as doctors do. If you want to study medicine and become a medical doctor to practice medicine, this diploma is not for you.
This diploma is definitely not for you if…
- You dislike going to the hospital. The smell and sights of the hospital makes you cringe and you dislike being around sick people. As a nurse, you will spent majority of your time inside a hospital. Sometimes being on-call means you have to be at the hospital at odd hours. Seeing blood and needles, handling injured people in the emergency room and surrounded by the deceased in the morgue may not be for everyone.
Career options with a Diploma in Nursing in Malaysia
By default, a nursing diploma will get you a job as a nurse in a clinic or hospital. However, there are many types of jobs and fields to choose from within the healthcare industry itself. You can also opt for non-healthcare related careers such as education, law and consultation. Below are some of the careers:
- Adult Nurse
- Children Nurse
- Children Education Teacher
- Forensic Nurse
- Health Consultant
- Mental Health Nurse
- Nursing Lecturer / Trainer
- Health Service Manager
- Social Worker
Entry requirements for this programme
- SPM: Minimum 5 credits including Mathematics, Science and English
- O Level: Minimum 5 credits including Mathematics and Science
(entry requirements may differ between universities)